First Business News Portal in English from Nepal
KATHMANDU: In compliance with the Nepal Constitution and the restructuring of the state into a three-tiered government, Nepal encompasses 753 local units or municipalities. Among them, 293 are urban municipalities (including metropolitan and sub-metropolitan cities), and 460 are rural municipalities. In the current context, the classification of urban municipalities, metropolitan, and sub-metropolitan cities as urban areas poses challenges for effective policy formulation.
The census data of 2021 reveals that the urban municipality population is 66.17%, while the rural municipality population is 33.83%. This data indicates that Nepal has 66.27% urban areas, although further categorization into urbanizing or peri-urban municipalities is not provided. To address this gap, a comprehensive analysis using the Degree of Urbanization (DEGURBA) methodology has been initiated.
DEGURBA, an approved methodology by the United Nations Statistical Commission, aims to globally harmonize the definition of urban and rural areas. The report, prepared by adopting this methodology, classifies Nepal’s settlements at the ward level into urban, peri-urban, and rural areas. The primary objective is to generate globally harmonized and comparable urban and rural population datasets for Nepal.
Key Findings of the DEGURBA Analysis:
The DEGURBA analysis provides critical insights for policy formulation and decision-making, highlighting the need for nuanced approaches to urbanization in Nepal. The results align with local spatial realities and have undergone verification through field visits. The study underscores the importance of addressing the evolving dynamics of urban and rural landscapes for sustainable development.
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